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Scientists from the Research Laboratory for Archaeology at the University of Oxford used radiocarbon dating on human hairs, bones and plants excavated from archaeological digs where Egypt's first kings are buried.They then used computer models to compare archaeological evidence to map when exactly the ancient civilization rose to power.We find the bones of the people who lived and were buried in these tombs. But primarily we date the pyramids by their position in the development of Egyptian architecture and material culture over the broad sweep of 3,000 years.So we're not dealing with any one foothold of factual knowledge at Giza itself. Clearly it's still pretty old, but new research has shed light on ancient Egypt's obscure timeline, especially when it began.According to New Scientist, ancient Egypt is about Like Us on Facebook That means it took just a few centuries to build the powerful civilization that became the world's first territorial state with centralized administration, strict borders and extensive agriculture, New Scientist notes.Some of the most accurate predictions come from textual references to astronomical events such as eclipses, which scientists can trace back to a specific moment in time.
They combed through museum collections in Europe and the United States—export of antiquities is prohibited in Egypt—and looked for organic materials such as seeds, baskets, textiles, papyri, stems and fruits."Don't be deceived by the fact that he was king for just two years," said Gibson, who is president of the Society for the Study of Egyptian Antiquities."Prior to claiming the throne, he was the vizier of Egypt, the equivalent of a prime minister today." His official title before becoming king was Master of Horse, Commander of the Fortress, Controller of the Nile Mouth, Charioteer of His Majesty, King's Envoy to Every Foreign Land, Royal Scribe, Colonel, and General of the Lord of the Two Lands."Trying to understand what happened in human history to lead people to establish this sort of polity we felt was a gap in understanding that needed to be filled," Dr.Michael Dee, the study's lead researcher, told The BBC.